Quick Answer: What Must You Do Before Performing Hand Hygiene?

What is the best substance for hand washing?

Alcohol solutions Alcohol hand decontaminants contain one or a combination of the following: ethyl alcohol (ethanol), isopropyl (isopropanol) and N-propanol.

Solutions of 60-90% are most effective.

Higher concentrations are less effective as water is required to denature proteins..

Does hand sanitizer sanitize gloves?

Can disposable gloves be disinfected safely? Chemicals like alcohol (hand sanitizer) and bleach can affect the porosity of gloves, causing them to become more porous and/or sticky. … Typically, nitrile gloves are more chemical resistant than latex gloves.

WHO guideline on hand hygiene?

The WHO Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care provide health-care workers (HCWs), hospital administrators and health authorities with a thorough review of evidence on hand hygiene in health care and specific recommendations to improve practices and reduce transmission of pathogenic microorganisms to patients and …

How do you wash your hands in 10 steps?

Wet your hands with water.Apply enough soap to cover your hands.Rub your hands together.Use 1 hand to rub the back of the other hand and clean in between the fingers. … Rub your hands together and clean in between your fingers.Rub the back of your fingers against your palms.Rub your thumb using your other hand.

What are the risks associated with poor hand washing techniques?

Airborne illnesses While sneezing and coughing help to spread illnesses, poor hand washing techniques are a big culprit as well. Common respiratory illnesses caused by poor hand hygiene include the common cold, influenza, chicken pox and meningitis.

WHO hand hygiene 7 Steps?

What are the 7 Steps of Hand Washing?Step 1: Wet Hands. Wet your hands and apply enough liquid soap to create a good lather. … Step 2: Rub Palms Together. … Step 3: Rub the Back of Hands. … Step 4: Interlink Your Fingers. … Step 5: Cup Your Fingers. … Step 6: Clean the Thumbs. … Step 7: Rub Palms with Your Fingers.

What are the five basic principles for infection control?

These include standard precautions (hand hygiene, PPE, injection safety, environmental cleaning, and respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette) and transmission-based precautions (contact, droplet, and airborne).

Do you need to wet hands before applying soap?

Wet your hands with clean, running water (warm or cold), turn off the tap, and apply soap. Why? Because hands could become recontaminated if placed in a basin of standing water that has been contaminated through previous use, clean running water should be used 1.

Is too much hand washing bad?

In a study conducted to investigate the effect of skin damage due to repeated washing, it has been found that frequent handwashing over a long period of time can cause long-term changes to the skin, resulting in skin conditions such as chronic skin damage, irritant contact dermatitis and eczema.

When should hand hygiene be undertaken?

My 5 Moments for Hand Hygienebefore touching a patient,before clean/aseptic procedures,after body fluid exposure/risk,after touching a patient, and.after touching patient surroundings.

How many steps are in hand hygiene?

Follow these five steps every time.Wet your hands with clean, running water (warm or cold), turn off the tap, and apply soap.Lather your hands by rubbing them together with the soap. … Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds. … Rinse your hands well under clean, running water.More items…

WHO hand rub steps?

Rotational rubbing of left thumb clasped in right palm and vice versa; Rotational rubbing, backwards and forwards with clasped fingers of right hand in left palm and vice versa; Once dry, your hands are safe.

What action must you take prior to hand hygiene?

Before you hand wash You should remove your watch, any rings with stones in (because of the dirt that can sit around the stone) and you really should not wear nail polish!

What are the 3 types of hand washing?

Different Levels of Hand Hygiene(A) Social Hand Hygiene- Routine Hand Washing. The aim of social (routine) hand washing with soap and warm water is to remove dirt and organic material, dead skin and most transient organisms. … (B) Antiseptic Hand Hygiene. … (C) Surgical Hand Hygiene.

What percent of germs does hand washing kill?

In studies, washing hands with soap and water for 15 seconds (about the time it takes to sing one chorus of “Happy Birthday to You”) reduces bacterial counts by about 90%. When another 15 seconds is added, bacterial counts drop by close to 99.9% (bacterial counts are measured in logarithmic reductions).

Why do you need to perform hand hygiene prior to gloving?

Hand hygiene is an essential measure in the prevention of health care-associated infections. … The need for hand hygiene after removal of nonsterile gloves should also be emphasized because hands can be contaminated with pathogenic organisms during glove removal.