Quick Answer: What Are 3 Ways Germs Can Spread?

How are infections spread?

Infectious diseases commonly spread through the direct transfer of bacteria, viruses or other germs from one person to another.

This can happen when an individual with the bacterium or virus touches, kisses, or coughs or sneezes on someone who isn’t infected..

What disease can be transmitted through saliva?

Viruses responsible for diseases such as hepatitis viruses, herpesvirus infections (e.g., with Herpes simplex types 1 and 2, Epstein-Barr virus, Cytomegalovirus, and Kaposi syndrome herpesvirus), and papillomaviruses can be conveyed by kissing—as can potentially other viruses present in saliva such as Ebola and Zika …

Can you spread a bacterial infection?

Many bacterial infections are contagious, meaning that they can be transmitted from person to person. There are many ways this can occur, including: close contact with a person who has a bacterial infection, including touching and kissing.

Is using saliva as lubricant bad?

Even if you remove the risk of contracting an STI or vaginal infection, spit is still not advised. “It has no innate qualities that would make it a good lubricant,” says Dr. Gersh. “It doesn’t have the slippery consistency, it evaporates and dries more quickly, and further, it’s irritating.”

What are 3 ways diseases can spread?

Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.

What are some ways we can prevent harmful germs from spreading?

Keep the germs away:Wash your hands before eating, or touching your eyes, nose or mouth.Wash your hands after touching anyone who is sneezing, coughing or blowing their nose.Don’t share things like towels, lipstick, toys, or anything else that might be contaminated with respiratory germs.More items…

What diseases can be spread by saliva?

Does Saliva Have Health Risks? 3 Ways Germs Can SpreadRhinovirus (colds)Flu virus.Epstein-Barr virus (mononucleosis, or mono)Type 1 herpes (cold sores)Strep bacteria.Hepatitis B and hepatitis C.Cytomegalovirus (a risk for babies in the womb)

What are the 10 standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What are the main routes that infection can enter the body?

Microorganisms capable of causing disease—pathogens—usually enter our bodies through the mouth, eyes, nose, or urogenital openings, or through wounds or bites that breach the skin barrier. Organisms can spread—or be transmitted—by several routes.

Can you get an STD from kissing on the lips?

Yes, you can catch herpes just from kissing someone on the mouth. And while experts believe the risk of catching HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) from kissing is low, someone who has a cut or sore in the mouth has a chance of infection during open-mouthed kissing.

Can you get a disease from sharing a drink?

You’re unlikely to get herpes from sharing a drink, a straw, or a glass. But you can get other infections or diseases from sharing objects with someone with an infection or disease, such as colds, the flu, and strep throat.