Question: Where Is Encephalitis Most Commonly Found?

What is the best treatment for encephalitis?

Encephalitis caused by certain viruses usually requires antiviral treatment….Antiviral medications commonly used to treat encephalitis include:Acyclovir (Zovirax)Ganciclovir (Cytovene)Foscarnet (Foscavir).

How long does encephalitis last?

The severity of viral encephalitis depends on the particular virus and how quickly treatment was given. Generally, the acute phase of the illness lasts around one or two weeks, and the symptoms either disappear quickly or subside slowly over a period of time. In many cases, the person makes a full recovery.

What are the long term effects of encephalitis?

Encephalitis can damage the brain and cause long-term problems including: memory problems. personality and behavioural changes. speech and language problems.

What is the difference between meningitis and encephalitis?

Meningitis is an infection of the meninges, the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain itself. Anyone can get encephalitis or meningitis. Causes of encephalitis and meningitis include viruses, bacteria, fungus, and parasites.

Where do you get encephalitis from?

Encephalitis caused by a virus is known as “viral encephalitis”. In rare cases, encephalitis is caused by bacteria, fungi or parasites. You can catch these infections from someone else, but encephalitis itself is not spread from person to person.

Which type of encephalitis is most often seen in the United States?

Most diagnosed cases of encephalitis in the United States are caused by herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2, arboviruses (such as West Nile Virus), which are transmitted from infected animals to humans through the bite of an infected tick, mosquito, or other blood-sucking insect, or enteroviruses.

What part of the brain does encephalitis affect?

Encephalitis caused by the herpes simplex virus (herpes simplex encephalitis; HSE) affects the temporal lobes, an area of the brain responsible for memory and speech. Less commonly, HSE also affects the frontal lobes which are responsible for controlling emotions and behaviour.

Can you fully recover from encephalitis?

Many people who have encephalitis fully recover. The most appropriate treatment and the patient’s chance of recovery depend on the virus involved and the severity of the inflammation. In acute encephalitis, the infection directly affects the brain cells.

What is the most common cause of encephalitis?

The most common causes of viral encephalitis are herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2, varicella zoster virus and enteroviruses, which cause gastrointestinal illness. Encephalitis can also result from certain viruses carried by mosquitoes, ticks and other insects or animals such as: West Nile virus.

Does encephalitis go away by itself?

In mild cases of encephalitis, the inflammation will likely resolve in a few days. For people who have severe cases it may require weeks or months for them to get better. It can sometimes cause permanent brain damage or even death.

What is the survival rate of encephalitis?

Some forms of encephalitis are more severe than others. For example, herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) has a mortality rate of up to 30% even with specific anti-viral treatment, and 70-80% without the treatment. When death happens it is usually because of the brain swelling as a result of its severe inflammation.

Is encephalitis a disability?

Encephalitis can be described as an invisible disability which affects not only one person, but the whole family. Emotional support for the whole family may be needed.