Question: Where Does Hantavirus Come From?

What are the first signs of hantavirus?

Early symptoms include fatigue, fever and muscle aches, especially in the large muscle groups—thighs, hips, back, and sometimes shoulders.

These symptoms are universal.

There may also be headaches, dizziness, chills, and abdominal problems, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain..

What is the survival rate of hantavirus?

Although rare, Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) is frequently fatal, with a case fatality rate of 36%. Patients with hantavirus infection typically present in a nonspecific way with a relatively short febrile prodrome lasting 3-5 days.

Can you get hantavirus from old mouse droppings?

A person may be exposed to hantavirus by breathing contaminated dust after disturbing or cleaning rodent droppings or nests, or by living or working in rodent-infested settings. Typically one to five cases are reported each year and about one out of three people diagnosed with HPS have died.

Can you survive hantavirus?

The disease caused by Hantavirus is called Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. Symptoms appear within 1 to 5 weeks after exposure. The average is 2 to 4 weeks. This disease is extremely serious since about 40% of the people who get the disease die.

How easy is it to get hantavirus?

Cohen: Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is rare — the chance of getting the disease is 1 in 13,000,000, which is less likely than being struck by lightning.

Does Lysol kill hantavirus?

If you need to clean rodent nests or droppings, spray them with a disinfectant such as chlorine bleach, a phenol-type spray such as Lysol, or other chemicals labeled to kill viruses to disinfect the area and material.

Is there a test for hantavirus?

Doctors diagnose hantavirus with several tests. Blood tests identify proteins (antibodies) associated with the virus. Blood tests can also reveal signs of the disease. These signs may include larger-than-normal white blood cells and an abnormally low amount of platelets (a substance that helps blood clot).

Where did hantavirus come from?

In November 1993, the specific hantavirus that caused the Four Corners outbreak was isolated. The Special Pathogens Branch at CDC used tissue from a deer mouse that had been trapped near the New Mexico home of a person who had gotten the disease and grew the virus from it in the laboratory.

Where Hantavirus is found?

Cases of human hantavirus infection usually occur in rural areas (forests, fields, farms, etc.), where rodents hosting the virus might be found. Infected individuals may experience headache, dizziness, chills, fever and myalgia.

What states have hantavirus?

Based on the national surveillance data collected by the NNDSS for hantavirus disease, the following table describes some important characteristics of hantavirus disease in the United States. Reported HPS cases resulting in death….StateCasesAZ78CA61CO104CT132 more rows

Do house mice carry hantavirus?

In North America, they are the deer mouse, the white-footed mouse, the rice rat, and the cotton rat. However, not every deer mouse, white-footed mouse, rice rat, or cotton rat carries a hantavirus. Other rodents, such as house mice, roof rats, and Norway rats, have never been known to give people HPS.

How do you know if a mouse has hantavirus?

“The mice most likely must have been around within hours or days of infection,” Chiu said. Humans may become infected by inhaling dust contaminated by the droppings or urine of an infected mouse, which does not exhibit any symptoms when carrying hantavirus.

How long are you sick with hantavirus?

Most often symptoms occur 9-33 days after the virus enters the body, but symptoms can appear as early as one week or as late as eight weeks. Early symptoms are general and include fever, fatigue, and muscle pain.

How hantavirus is transmitted?

Hantavirus is spread to humans by particles of; rodent urine, feces, saliva, and.

Why is hantavirus so rare?

And even though 15-20 percent of deer mice are infected with hantavirus, Cobb explains, it’s a rare disease for humans to contract, mostly because the virus dies shortly after contact with sunlight, and it can’t spread from one person to another.

Who is most at risk for hantavirus?

The chance of being exposed to hantavirus is greatest when people work, play, or live in closed spaces where rodents are actively living. However, recent research results show that many people who have become ill with HPS were infected with the disease after continued contact with rodents and/or their droppings.

How can Hantavirus be prevented?

To minimize the risk for hantavirus infection, follow these precautions:Avoid touching live or dead rodents. … Before occupying abandoned or unused cabins, open them up to air out. … If you sleep outdoors, check potential campsites for rodent droppings and burrows.More items…•